• Trench newspapers

    Were edited and produced in trenches or in the immediate vicinity of the front under usually very primitive conditions by soldiers for their own comrades.
  • Trench newspapers

    Trench newspapers were produced by soldiers and for soldiers. At the beginning of the war the previously unknown trench newspapers were not subject to censorship.
  • Vilnius

    Capital of Lithuania, occupied by German troops from 1915 until 1918. During this period the headquarters of the Army High Command of the 10th Army was also located here.
  • War bond

    Securities to fund a war
  • War bonds

    War bonds were issued by a government to finance military operations in times of war.
  • War volunteers

    Men who volunteered for military service without being subject to conscription.