The total mobilisation of all societies and the exertion and privation caused by the war demanded active persuasive work and a mental mobilisation of the people. Easily understandable and apparently convincing explanations of the events both on the front and at home were intended to strengthen the perseverance of the population. It was not only military offices and civilian authorities that manipulated perception and thinking by means of propaganda and censorship. Many writers, journalists, teachers and other disseminators were also willing to serve the cause in this manner.